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Tuesday, May 28, 2024 15:59
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Zul-Jamal and Syeda Aruj

NIL

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Hilal Kids English

National Citrus Festival Sargodha – the City of Oranges & Eagles

April 2024

Friends! Let me tell you why Sargodha is called “the California of Pakistan”, “the City of Oranges” and “the City of Eagles” Well, Sargodha is the largest kinnow-producing district. It is the hub of over 45 varieties of oranges. Its oranges are considered “high-quality” across the globe. Not only does it fulfil the need of citrus supply within Pakistan, but also produces fruit that is exported to various countries of the world.
    Sargodha also earns the title of “the City of Eagles” due to the presence of the majestic birds here. It is home to a variety of eagle species, including “Bonelli's Eagle”, “Tawny Eagle” and “Spotted Eagle”. The sight of eagles soaring high in the skies has become synonymous with Sargodha's identity, symbolizing strength, freedom and resilience. It is also called “the City of Eagles” for having one of the biggest Pakistan Air Force bases in the country, which has the credit of triumphantly fighting air battles, and shooting down Indian warplanes in air combats.
Historical Significance
Sargodha area’s human habitation history dates back to prehistoric period. It has witnessed the ebb and flow of empires, including the Ghaznavis, Ghoris, and Mughals. During the British colonial era, Sargodha gained importance due to its strategic location. The British recognized the fertility of its lands and built a railway station connecting to other cities. Historical sites such as the Sargodha Fort and Shahi Bagh remind us of the city's rich past.
Agricultural Landscape
Sargodha has fertile plains with a variety of crops. Besides oranges, it is known for cultivation of wheat, rice, sugarcane and other crops. A beautiful canal system here plays a role in irrigating agricultural fields. Modern farming techniques and machinery has made Sargodha a model for agricultural innovation. Moreover, Sargodha city is surrounded by lush green fields and orchards. Parks and recreational areas such as Company Bagh and Jinnah Park offer visitors a chance to connect with nature. The Chenab River, flowing near here, enhances the scenic beauty of the area. Its banks on both sides serve as popular spots for picnics and family outings.
Citrus Festival
Sargodha annually holds “Horse & Cattle Show”, and “National Citrus Festival”. It is locally called “Sargodha Kinnow Mela”. The festival attracts visitors from inside Pakistan as well as abroad. ‘Kinnow Mela’ is arranged by Sargodha Arts Council under the auspices of the Government of Punjab, National Heritage and Culture Division. It not only showcases the economic and agricultural significance of citrus, but also promotes social cohesion and a strong sense of national identity. The varieties of citrus fruit including “Rangpur Lime”, “Carrizo Citrage”, “Gada Dahi”, “Gilgil”, “Mitha”, “Pishawari Mittha”, “Kinnow”, “Seedless Lemon”, “Jati Khati”, “Bara Masii”, “Ornad Blood”, “Mosambi”, “Murcott” and many others are exhibited through several stalls. Citrus is a highly nutritional fruit and it is stressed to explore the medicinal properties of this fruit. Scientists and experts from University of Sargodha and Agriculture University Faisalabad are working on the properties of citrus fruit which is a novel initiative. It is aimed to develop more value-added products from this magic fruit in order to enhance its export. 
The City of Eagles
Sargodha also earns the moniker of “ City of Eagles”. The sight of eagles soaring high in the skies has become synonymous with its identity that symbolizes strength, freedom, and resilience. Eagle is an endangered bird due to industry and erosion. However, efforts are being made to preserve its population. Awareness campaigns aim to ensure the continued existence of these magnificent birds, contributing to the ecological balance of the region.
Culture & Education
Sargodha's cultural heritage is a reflection of its diverse history. It is home to a mix of ethnicities and languages. The traditional music here adds to its cultural vibrancy. Local artisans showcase their skills through intricate handicrafts. It is a centre of excellence in education, too. It has a network of schools and colleges that provides quality education and has high literacy rates.
    As Sargodha continues to evolve, it remains a testament to the resilience, diversity and beauty. The “City of Oranges and Eagles” is not merely a geographical location, but a living testament to the spirit of its people, history and aspirations.

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Zul-Jamal and Syeda Aruj

NIL

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