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Tuesday, May 28, 2024 16:13
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Sher Khan and Gul Mughal

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Hilal Kids English

Hazrat Usman Ghani (RA) A Role Model for Children and Young People

April 2024

Hazrat Usman bin Affan (RA) was the Third Caliph of Islam. He was one of the closest Companions of the Prophet (PBUH). He had the honour of having the title of “Zun-Nurain” that means “the Possessor of Two Lights” for his marriage to two of the Prophet’s daughters. He was famous for his wealth, generosity, piety, honesty and integrity. He was one of the twenty-two educated people in Makkah who knew how to write. He was elected Amir-ul-Momineen (the Supreme Leader of the Faithful) by a council of Shura members, after the demise of Second Caliph Hazrat Umar (RA), in 644. He has the credit of issuing the official standardized version of Quran in complete recitation tenor, which continues to be followed to date.

Early Life
Hazrat Usman (RA) was born in Taif. His father’s name was Affan who was a powerful and wealthy businessman of Makkah, belonging to Umayyad clan of the Quraish tribe. His mother’s name was Hazrat Arwa (RA) who lived a long life. However, his father died young, leaving a large inheritance for son. Usman grew up as a handsome young man. He invested in trade and soon became a successful merchant. He travelled to Syria, Yemen and other places. His eloquence in speech, forbiddance from worshipping idols and never indulging into alcohol showed his strength of character even before Islam.
Embracing Islam
Hazrat Usman (RA) was one of the few earliest followers who accepted Islam. He was a close friend of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) who convinced him about the message of Muhammad (PBUH). He brought him to the Prophet. Usman embraced Islam in 611 AD. His unwavering devotion to the Prophet’s teachings, his exemplary character and steadfastness in the face of challenges make him a timeless role model for children and youth alike. 
“Zun-Nurain”
When the Prophet’s daughter Ruqayya became a Muslim, her husband divorced her as a punishment. Hazrat Usman (RA) proposed for her hand, which the Prophet (PBUH) accepted. It was during the Battle of Badr when Hazrat Ruqayya (RA) became very ill. Despite Hazrat Usman (RA) took a great care of her, she died leaving behind a child. Her demise left Hazrat Usman (RA) devastated. Upon seeing him heartbroken, the Prophet (PBUH) gave Usman the hand of another daughter Umme Kulsoom (RA). It was because of this reason he got such a highest honour, and is known as “Zun-Nurain”, which rightly means “the Possessor of Two Lights”.
Migrations
Life became unbearable for the believers in Makkah at the hands of infidels. So much so that the Prophet (PBUH) asked a group of followers to migrate to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Hazrat Usman (RA) and his family, amongst others, were the first to migrate to a foreign land, in April 615. After four years, they returned to Makkah. In 622, they migrated to Madina where Hazrat Usman (RA) purchased a house, and started business afresh. His trade flourished well. It made him one of the richest men in Madina.
Generosity
At Madina, a Jew owned a well called “the Ruma Well”. It was the only source of fresh drinking water. But the Jew used to give water to Muslims only on payment. Hazrat Usman (RA) bought that well and opened it for everyone including Muslims, Jews and wayfarers without discrimination. The Ruma Well is still producing water that irrigates surrounding lands, and is used in construction of buildings. Hazrat Usman (RA) spent his wealth providing relief to the poor, supporting widows and orphans, and financing the needs of Muslim community. Because of his generosity, philanthropy and welfare, the Prophet gave him the title of “Ghani” that means “the one who is exceedingly generous.” 
    He was so magnanimous that he first bought a sword-shield from Hazrat Ali (RA) so that he could pay haq mehr (dower) to Hazrat Faitma (RA), the revered daughter of the Prophet (PBUH), and then presented the same shield back to Hazrat Ali (RA) as a wedding gift.
Battles
Hazrat Usman (RA) participated in all battles, except Badr. That day, on the Prophet’s command, he stayed back home because of his wife’s illness. He was amongst the ten Companions of Prophet who had been blessed with the news of Jannah (Paradise) during their life time. Those ten blessed Companions are called “Ashra Mubashireen”. When the Prophet (PBUH) initiated the most difficult Tabuk expedition in 630 AD and called for donations, Hazrat Usman (RA) gave up sending the caravan to Damascus and gave three hundred camels with the goods on them to the Prophet (PBUH). He also provided 1,000 dinars and 60 horses fully equipped.
The Caliphate
In 644, Hazrat Usman (RA) assumed the mantle of leadership as Third Caliph. His reign was marked by a commitment to justice, compassion, and the expansion of Islam’s reach. He oversaw the compilation of Quran into a single authoritative text, ensuring its preservation for future generations. He was a simple and humble leader who was approachable to all. He faced many challenges during his caliphate, including internal dissent and external aggression. But he remained patient and steadfast. His resilience in the face of adversity serves as a powerful example for us all.
Masjid-e-Nabvi’s Expansion
In 649, with the spread of Islam and increase in number of Muslims, accommodating them for five daily prayers became unmanageable in the premises of the mosque. So, Hazrat Usman (RA) purchased the adjacent land, and financed its expansion.
Quran’s Compilation
There was a realization from the very start that because of the dialect change in different areas of the Arab world, like Iraq and Syria as well as the areas which were being conquered, there could be a difficulty in sending across the true message of Quran. Hazrat Usman (RA) gave priority to compiling numerous copies of the Quran with a standardized version, so that different dialects could not change its recitation tenor. He designated four revered Companions of the Prophet to make many copies from the original manuscript, which was safe with Hazrat Hafsa (RA). The entire Muslim Ummah stands obliged to Hazrat Usman (RA) for having done the great job of compilation, and the unification of recitation of Quran. 



Conquests
Hazrat Usman (RA) has the credit of starting naval force, for the first time in Muslim history, and defeated the Byzantine navy at the Battle of the Masts, in 655. This battle opened up the Mediterranean Sea to Muslims. His navy also conquered some coastal areas of Spain. His second biggest achievement was a complete victory in the 647 Battle of Sufetula, which brought the entire North Africa into Muslim fold. He sent successful military expeditions to Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Kerman, Sistan and Khorasan. In 652, his forces conquered western Balochistan taking it under direct control of the Caliphate.
Demise
It is said that internal opposition led to a cold rebellion aided by Jewish sponsored conspiracy which resulted in the assassination of Hazrat Usman Ghani (RA) at his home. He was reciting the Holy Quran when the rebels attacked. He died on 18th Zil-Haj 656 AD. 
Conclusion
Hazrat Usman bin Affan (RA) exemplifies the highest ideals of faith, character, and leadership. His life serves as a timeless example of piety, generosity, humility, and perseverance. For you, the children and young people, his legacy offers valuable lessons in integrity, compassion, and devotion. By emulating his noble traits and following in his footsteps, you can become exemplary individuals who can contribute positively to the society, and uphold the teachings of Islam.
    Here are some of the lessons for children learnt from Hazrat Usman Ghani’s Life and his famous quotes:
1.    Acquire two habits: the habit of speaking the truth; and the habit of doing good deeds.
2.    Acquire wisdom from the story of the dead.
3.    One should not feel happy at the acquisition of wealth, nor should one be grieved at its loss.
4.    Silence is the best cure of the malady of anger.
5.    That knowledge is blameworthy which is used solely to acquire wealth.
6.    Any knowledge without putting it to practice is useless.
7.    No one is to be held in contempt on account of poverty. Only he is to be contempt who is oblivious of his duties to Allah.
8.    In the event of distress, a man depends solely on his own plans and relies on the people. When he is disappointed from all sides, then alone he turns to Allah.

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Sher Khan and Gul Mughal

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