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Dr. Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi

The writer is a Ph.D. in Islamic Thought and Culture from the National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. He is the author of five books and has published 41 research papers. Additionally, he is a columnist for Daily Pakistan Observer and received the Best Paper Presenter Award at the Globetz International Conference in Turkiye in November 2021. He is currently serving as Visiting Faculty at Air University's Faculty of Social Sciences in Islamabad. E-mail: [email protected]

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Hilal English

Building Leaders: Jinnah and Iqbal's Timeless Wisdom for Today's Youth

March 2024

Empowering young brains supports economic development and cultivates social unity, creativity, and a shared sense of accountability. This research explores the profound influence that Jinnah and Iqbal's beliefs and teachings have on the youth. It strives to uncover the valuable insights they offer to provide modern societies with a clear plan for effectively using the potential of their young population.



The youth embody an invaluable resource for the advancement and growth of nations. Trustworthy global leaders make a significant impact on humanity with their forward-thinking perspectives. This article examines the intricate nature of these leaders' legacies, particularly emphasizing Jinnah's pragmatic advice and Allama Iqbal's philosophical outlook for the younger generation. Both of these aspects established the foundation for the forthcoming youthful leadership of Pakistan. The contributions of these leaders continue to have a significant impact on the nation's contemporary orientation. Jinnah's pragmatic wisdom underscored the significance of cohesion, self-control, and diligence for the younger generation. He advocated for providing essential skills and education to empower the youth to engage in nation-building actively.
Conversely, Allama Iqbal presented a philosophical perspective that urged young individuals to accept and embody their unique characteristics, possess self-confidence, and actively pursue greatness. His message motivated the younger generation to engage in critical thinking and question established norms, cultivating a sense of empowerment and promoting creativity among them. Presently, the impact of these leaders can be observed in the emerging leaders who persistently propel Pakistan towards advancement and affluence.


Quaid stated, “It would help if you focused your efforts on acquiring knowledge and education. It is your primary obligation. Your education also encompasses an understanding of the political climate of the time. It is vital to possess knowledge about global affairs and the natural surroundings. Education is a crucial and indispensable aspect of the survival and progress of our nation.”


Throughout history, the contribution of youth has played a crucial role in determining the future of nations. The vitality, enthusiasm, and innovative spirit of the youth are frequently regarded as catalysts for transformative socio-political movements. This article explores the domains of youth empowerment and leadership, taking inspiration from two prominent figures in South Asian history: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Shair-e-Mashriq (Poet of the East) Allama Muhammad Iqbal.
The quest for autonomy and the eventual division of the Indian subcontinent constituted a pivotal juncture in the history of South Asia during the tumultuous early 20th century. Amidst this context,  Jinnah and Iqbal emerged as the creators of a new nation, envisioning an independent country for Muslims known as Pakistan. Within this historical framework, we examine their deep understanding of the youth's capacity to shape the nation's future as its builders.
Empowering young people is fundamental to advancing society and promoting national growth. Empowering young brains supports economic development and cultivates social unity, creativity, and a shared sense of accountability. This research explores the profound influence that Jinnah and Iqbal's beliefs and teachings have on the youth. It strives to uncover the valuable insights they offer to provide modern societies with a clear plan for effectively using the potential of their young population.
Jinnah's Belief in the Potential of Youth as Future Leaders
In his memoir, Roses in December, M. C. Chagla vividly recalls that in 1919, Jinnah held a position of great influence and power in Bombay. Despite lacking an official title, the younger generation revered him. The city's finest constituents were drawn to and found attraction in his character and resolute self-reliance.
During his address at a gathering held at Lahore's University Stadium, Quaid emphasized the importance of every individual in the state, especially the youth, demonstrating a strong sense of dedication, bravery, and resilience. He urged them to take the initiative and serve as a role model for others, setting a superior and more elevated standard for future generations to emulate.
In his message to the Pakistan Boy Scouts on December 22, 1947, Quaid emphasized the importance of prioritizing service over personal interests by saying, “Scouting is crucial in shaping the character of young individuals, fostering their physical, mental, and spiritual growth, and cultivating their discipline, usefulness, and citizenship.”
The Quaid regarded children and youngsters as future leaders who would have a crucial impact on the nation's endurance, prosperity, and political steadfastness.
Pakistan has faced various problems and obstacles since its establishment. Muslims made significant sacrifices on the subcontinent to establish an independent nation that could adhere to their religious beliefs and cultural principles. With approximately 65 percent of the population being highly skilled young individuals, Pakistan possesses a significant demographic. However, these young individuals require appropriate direction and contemporary education that focuses on practical skills to harness their strengths. Only a knowledgeable, determined, and proficient young generation can effectively address the challenges. Additionally, only a knowledgeable and mindful young generation can bring about a change in people's thinking and foster societal harmony.
The Quaid advocated for the youth to possess resilience, composure, dignity, and bravery to resist manipulation from evil influences. The future generation can attain these objectives by emulating the example set by Quaid-i-Azam. A nation that disregards the vision and principles established by its founders frequently finds itself in a disastrous predicament. As Quaid said, “In this world, individuals who lack strength and protection are more susceptible to being targeted and attacked by others. To effectively promote peace, we must eliminate the allure that entices people who perceive us as vulnerable, deterring them from engaging in acts of bullying or aggression against us. We must develop such strength to eliminate temptation that no one would dare to conceive violent intentions against us. Pakistan is a permanent entity that any force in the world cannot dismantle.”
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah consistently emphasized the need to educate and develop leadership skills among the youth, holding optimistic expectations for them. The designation of youngsters as the 'future of Pakistan' originates from the Pakistan Movement, where the significant contribution of student federations cannot be ignored. Young and passionate students from several regions played an unparalleled role in effectively and wholeheartedly propagating the idea of a sovereign nation.
During his speech at a gathering of the Punjabi-Muslim Students Federation in Lahore on October 31, 1947, he stated, “Pakistan takes great pride in its youth, especially the students, who have consistently been at the forefront during times of necessity. As the future architects of our nation, it is imperative that you diligently prepare yourselves with discipline, education, and training to tackle the challenging responsibilities that await you effectively.” He also highlighted, “Acquire strong self-control, moral integrity, proactiveness, and a robust educational foundation. It would be best to fully commit yourself to your academic pursuits, as it is your primary responsibility to yourself, your parents, and the state.” Quaid urged the youth to prioritize their academics and cultivate a robust intellectual foundation for success.
In his speech to the NWFP (North West Frontier Province) Muslim Students Federation in April 1943, he urged the students to adhere to the Quran's teachings strictly: “You have requested me to provide you with a message. What message may I convey to you? The Quran contains a profound message that serves as a source of guidance and enlightenment for us. He added, “I strongly urge you to make a determined effort. Devote yourself to diligent labor, perseverance, humility, and the service of your country to find fulfillment.”
Quaid's advice to the younger generation has consistently emphasized the importance of diligent effort in attaining their objectives. Quaid stated, “It would help if you focused your efforts on acquiring knowledge and education. It is your primary obligation. Your education also encompasses an understanding of the political climate of the time. It is vital to possess knowledge about global affairs and the natural surroundings. Education is a crucial and indispensable aspect of the survival and progress of our nation.”
Quaid-i-Azam consistently emphasized the significant role of education in influencing individuals' lives. In a separate instance, he expressed, “Lack of education results in total obscurity, while education brings illumination. Education is a crucial and indispensable factor for the survival and prosperity of our nation. In today's rapidly evolving world, failure to acquire knowledge and education would result in being left behind and rendered obsolete.” 


The combination of Jinnah's practical leadership principles and Iqbal's intellectual foundations offer a diverse source of motivation for today's young people, emphasizing the significance of education, self-exploration, and active engagement in promoting constructive transformation.


The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) had instructed his people to seek knowledge. If such was the directive during a time when communication was challenging, then Muslims, as genuine adherents of the illustrious legacy of Islam, ought to unquestionably make use of all accessible chances.
Regarding the topic of national consolidation, on March 21, 1948, Quaid held a speech at a public gathering in Dacca, where he addressed the residents of East Bengal and expressed that, “Historical records abundantly demonstrate the martial abilities of the inhabitants of this province. Additionally, the government has implemented vigorous measures to establish training facilities for the province's youth, enabling them to join the regular Armed Forces or volunteer in the Pakistan National Guards. Rest assured that ample measures will be taken to ensure that the young individuals of this province are adequately equipped to contribute to the protection of our state. Foster a state of absolute harmony and cohesion within your group. Exemplify the capabilities of young individuals. To ensure justice for yourself, your parents, and the state, it is imperative that you prioritize your studies as your primary occupation. If you squander your energies now, you will perpetually lament...”
During his address at the Dacca University convocation, Quaid underscored the significance of students in the process of constructing a nation by stating, “You and your fellow students must comprehend the profound consequences of the revolutionary transformation that occurred with the establishment of Pakistan. You have a significant burden of duty; conversely, we must collaborate as a cohesive and orderly nation, particularly now.”
Furthermore, he stated in the speech above, “It would help if you prioritized your studies for your well-being, your parents' well-being, and the state's well-being. Only by doing so can you adequately prepare yourselves for the forthcoming challenges in life. By adhering to these principles, you will become a valuable and influential individual, bringing strength and honor to your state. By adopting this approach, you can effectively resolve the nation's significant social and economic challenges and empower it to become one of the most advanced and influential nations globally…”
Also, he emphasized unity as a nation by saying, “I can guarantee that if we are divided, we will fail, but if we stand together, we will succeed.”
Iqbal's Philosophical Contribution to Youth Empowerment
Although Pakistan is a product of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah's political battles, the concept of a Muslim homeland for the subcontinent was initially proposed by Iqbal. During the discussion on pan-Islamism, he advocated for the consolidation of Muslims and the implementation of reforms, portraying the religion as a societal and political model, as expounded in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Primarily, his notion of khudi, or individuality, served as a source of motivation for the Muslim youth in the subcontinent, compelling them to actively strive to establish a distinct nation under the guidance of Quaid.
Iqbal consistently imparted advice to the youth in his literary works, emphasizing the importance of maintaining unwavering optimism. Iqbal's philosophy underscores the significance of discovering purpose and importance in labor. In the future, people will actively pursue employment opportunities that align with their values and positively impact society. Iqbal's teachings advocate for individuals to engage in occupations that align with their interests and aptitudes.
By embracing ethical values, individuals are empowered to achieve satisfaction in their professional pursuits. To facilitate the advancement, Iqbal employs captivating analogies to express his profound admiration for youth. The subject of the poem The Honeybee inspires young children to exhibit diligence like a honeybee, develop an affinity for books, and actively seek information.
Iqbal highlighted the notion of Khudi, which refers to selfhood, and urged individuals, particularly the younger generation, to acknowledge their inherent power and potential. He firmly believed that the key to individual and community power was a solid foundation of self-knowledge and identification. This philosophy encourages individuals to surmount obstacles, seek information, and assume accountability for their actions.
Iqbal's contribution to the Muslim world as one of the most eminent intellectuals of Islam remains unparalleled. Through his works, he urged others, especially the younger generation, to confront life's obstacles with courage. The Qur'an was the fundamental theme and primary basis of his teachings. Iqbal had exceptional eloquence when he spoke to young Muslims:
The story of Haram (in Urdu) is filled with poverty, simplicity, and vibrant colors.



“The noble path, which encompasses the history of 
Islam is replete with obvious teachings on devotion, honesty, and commitment. Its pinnacle is represented  by Husain, marking the commencement of Isma'il.”


 Iqbal succinctly defines the job of a young Muslim as that of Isma'il (A.S) and Husain (R.A). Isma'il (A.S) instructs us on the need to prioritize Allah's command over our aims and aspirations, even if it means sacrificing ourselves during our youthful years. Husain (R.A.), however, testified that when faced with the decision of either submitting to the oppressive leaders of our era, like Yazid, and compromising the principles of Islam or standing up against oppression, Muslim youth must choose martyrdom (shahadat).
Iqbal's ideology advocated for young Muslims to strive towards embodying the ideals of Islam and humanity. He believed they should aim to become God's vicegerent (Khalifatullah), internalizing and exemplifying God's traits as much as possible. Iqbal draws parallels between this ideal and the godless superman proposed by Nietzsche and the extreme individualism advocated by democracy, commercialized capitalism, and pseudo-secularism. Iqbal's Mu'min is a devout believer in God, bestowed with seemingly extraordinary abilities. The inherent gift of self-assurance and vitality raises the Mu'min to their utmost human capacity. Once a Mu'min achieves enlightenment, as God's representative on earth, they fulfill their divine duty of establishing justice through God's limitless mercy, love, and grace.



"Oh, believer!" Elevate your Khudi (personality, character, feeling of self-respect, etc.) to such a degree that even God, before making any decision, seeks your preferences."


Iqbal employed the metaphor of the Shaheen (falcon), specifically regarding young Muslims, to represent the idea of unceasing endeavor in contributing to the Islamic mission of serving humanity on a grand scale. He compared the relentless pursuit of this objective with the existence of the parasitic vulture, which sustains itself by feeding on dead animals without the honor of exertion. According to him, Islam promotes the idea of Muslims engaging in frequent travel, like falcons, as a means to avoid becoming overly reliant on a convenient and pleasant lifestyle. As an independent creature in the ever-changing avian realm, the falcon refrains from constructing its nest in a stationary location.
Iqbal's portrayal of the forthcoming morning is forceful, as he states, “Observe your current situation in the illumination of previous events.” Iqbal underlined that the upcoming ‘New Age’ eagerly anticipates its emergence worldwide. Iqbal's message was unambiguous: he intended to convey that the emergence of the "new dawn" is solely dependent on the contemporary youth who possess the ability to dismantle the constraints imposed by external (western/imperialist) materialistic values and revive their innate passion (devotion to God).
Iqbal composed a poem specifically directed towards youth:



Jinnah's steadfast conviction in the capabilities of youthful leaders is apparent in his vision for a forward-thinking and all-encompassing Pakistan. Concurrently, Iqbal's philosophical perceptions, embodied in the notion of "Khudi" and his poetic articulations, act as a guiding influence for the empowerment of young people. The combination of Jinnah's practical leadership principles and Iqbal's intellectual foundations offer a diverse source of motivation for today's young people, emphasizing the significance of education, self-exploration, and active engagement in promoting constructive transformation.


The writer holds a Ph.D. in Islamic Thought and Culture from the Department of Islamic Thought and Culture, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. Additionally, the writer is a visiting faculty member at Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected] 


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Dr. Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi

The writer is a Ph.D. in Islamic Thought and Culture from the National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. He is the author of five books and has published 41 research papers. Additionally, he is a columnist for Daily Pakistan Observer and received the Best Paper Presenter Award at the Globetz International Conference in Turkiye in November 2021. He is currently serving as Visiting Faculty at Air University's Faculty of Social Sciences in Islamabad. E-mail: [email protected]

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