اردو(Urdu) English(English) عربي(Arabic) پښتو(Pashto) سنڌي(Sindhi) বাংলা(Bengali) Türkçe(Turkish) Русский(Russian) हिन्दी(Hindi) 中国人(Chinese) Deutsch(German)
Tuesday, July 16, 2024 10:12
Question of Palestine Eternal Wisdom: Iqbal Building Futures: Empowering Pakistan's Youth for Tomorrow Tourism: An Essential Element for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth Connecting Youth to Global Opportunities Algorithms: The Silent Architects of Warfare Pakistani Youth: The Driving Force for National Progress Investing in Future Generations: Pakistan Army Lost Voices: The Systematic Marginalization of Indian Muslims Parallel Struggles: Examining the Palestinian and Kashmiri Quests for Self-determination Emergence of BJP as a Hindutva Force The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Transforming Pakistan Building Sustainable Cities: Urban Search and Rescue Preparedness Simulation Exercise In the Pursuit of Happiness: Understanding Hedonia, Eudemonia, and Naikan COAS’ U.S. Visit: Strengthening Ties and Fostering Collaboration A Biological Marvel of Human Heart Educational Empowerment: FC Balochistan (North) Initiates Literacy Program for Soldiers Digital Pakistan Journey: Pioneering Towards a Connected Future Driving Digital Transformation: Pakistan CJCSC Calls on His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussain During His Visit to Jordan COAS' Peshawar Visit Highlights Security, Socioeconomic Development and National Unity Unity in Diversity: COAS Joins Christmas Celebrations with Christian Community in Rawalpindi Chief of the Naval Staff Attends Indian Ocean Naval Symposium in Bangkok Strengthening Bonds and Elevating Collaboration: Combat Commander Turkish Air Force Calls on Chief of the Air Staff Closing Ceremony of Multinational Special Forces Exercise Fajar Al Sharq-V Strengthens Counterterrorism Collaboration Off the Beaten Track: Exploring Jiwani's Coastal Marvels and Heritage Special Investment Facilitation Council: A Game Changer for the Economy of Pakistan Rising Stars: Pakistan’s Youth Shines Bright in 2023 Indian Supreme Court’s Decision and the International Law Challenges to Justice: The Indian Supreme Court’s Fallacy in IIOJK Belt and Road Initiative: Strengthening Global Ties with Unhindered Trade and Connectivity The Media Matrix: Unraveling How Technology Shapes Our Perception Decoding Human Interaction: The Comprehensive Guide to Reading Body Language The Magic of Moscow On the Same Wavelength: Suno FM's Impact on Community Empowerment, Diversity, and Social Progress in Pakistan The Journey of SAIL: A Beacon of Hope for Autism in Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan National Youth Convention 2024: COAS Stresses Youth's Vital Role, Urges Unity, and National Strength Vice Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China Calls on COAS COAS Attends Inauguration Ceremony of the Second Chapter of NASTP Silicon PAF's Induction and Operationalization Ceremony Showcases Technological Advancements and Operational Excellence COAS Witnesses Firing of Different Air Defense Weapon Systems During Exercise Al-Bayza-III, 2024 COAS Visits POF Wah, Highlights Importance of Indigenous Defense Industry Exercise Sea Guard-24: Strengthening Maritime Security Al-Noor Special Children School and College Celebrates International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2023 in Multan Garrison Exercise BARRACUDA-XII: Strengthening Global Cooperation for Maritime Safety and Environmental Protection Pakistan-Qatar Joint Aerial Exercise "Zilzal-II" Held in Qatar March 23, 1940: Charting the Course for Pakistan's Future Peshawar’s Namak Mandi: A Gemstone Heaven Genocide in Palestine Rising Cities, Shrinking Spaces: Tackling Overpopulation and Urbanization in Pakistan Impact of Pakistan Resolution Day on National Identity Building Leaders: Jinnah and Iqbal's Timeless Wisdom for Today's Youth National Parks–Natural Assets India's New Playbook for Extraterritorial Assassination of Opponents The Legacy of Khan Brothers in Pakistan Armed Forces (Part II) Beyond the Battlefield: AIMH’s Quest for Military History Preservation The Siege of 634 A.D. (Part II) SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part II) A New Dawn in Pakistan's Agriculture The Crowdsourcing Practices The Last Post: Eulogy of a Hero Securing Tomorrow’s Food: Sustainable Agriculture and Aquaculture in Pakistan The Saindak Copper-Gold Project: A Beacon of Pak-China Friendship and Prosperity Prime Minister of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and COAS Visit Muzaffarabad CJCSC Calls on Minister of Defense, KSA 7th International PATS Exercise-2024 Held at NCTC, Pabbi CNS Visits Coastal Belt of Sindh and Coastal Areas of Balochistan to Oversee the Conduct of Exercise Seaspark-2024 Keel Laying Ceremony of the Second HANGOR Class Submarine Held at Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Chinese Ambassador Calls on Chief of the Air Staff Pakistan Navy Demonstrates Combat Readiness with Live Missile Firing Exercise in the North Arabian Sea PAF's Jf-17 Thunder Block-III Fighter Jet Participates in World Defense Air Show-2024 A Day of Celebration and Global Solidarity: Pakistan Day Parade 2024 Gaza: A Tragedy Beyond Words Better Late than Never... Escalating Tensions: India's Violations of the Indus Waters Treaty Preserving Pakistan Pakistan Day Parade-2024: A Celebration of National Unity and Strength Demolition of Muslim Properties in India: A Weapon of Choice and State Policy Sustainable Energy Transition: Strategies for Pakistan’s Shift towards Renewable Resources and Energy Efficiency The Impact of Climate Change on Global Health: Building Resilient Health Systems SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part III) Emerging from the Depths: The Pakistan Army Dedicated to Promoting Tolerance and Diversity: Pakistan Army, in Collaboration with the University of Peshawar, Hosts a Successful Grand Peace Fair Pak-Saudi On Job Training 2024 CJCSC Addresses SCO Military Medical Seminar 2024 on Challenges in Military Medicines Loyalty, Honor, Duty: The Pivotal Role of Pakistan Armed Forces in Upholding Peace and Security From Darkness to Light–One Year On: Contemplating May 9, 2023 to May 9, 2024 Beyond the Smoke and Mirrors Global Perspectives on Content Regulation: Examining Network Enforcement Act and Disinformation Laws The Issue of Palestine: A Historical, Religious, and Humanitarian Perspective Modi’s Guarantee and Hindutva Incorporated Divide and Conquer: The Dangerous Surge of Anti-Muslim Rhetoric in Indian Politics India's Hybrid Warfare in Kashmir India: Where the Price of Protest is Death! Pakistani Peacekeepers and the International Peacekeeping Day Empowering Pakistan: Navigating the Path to Sustainable Energy Autarky Overpopulation: Navigating Challenges and Charting Solutions for Pakistan Pakistan and Saudi Arabia Friendship: Dawn of a New Era SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part IV) A Tale of Two Sultans: Brigadier Sultan Ahmed, SJ & Bar (Part II) In the Footsteps of Valor: A Journey through Peshawar Garrison Pakistan Military Academy Passing Out Parade-2024 CGS Turkish Armed Forces Calls on COAS Green Pakistan Initiative Conference Highlights National Commitment to Agricultural Innovation and Economic Growth Commander Turkish Land Forces Calls on COAS Minister of Foreign Affairs, KSA, Calls on COAS Assistant Minister of Defense, KSA, Calls on COAS PAF Academy Asghar Khan Hosts Prestigious Graduation Ceremony for Aviation Cadets Faculty and Students from Muzaffargarh Government Post Graduate College Visit Multan Garrison SIFC's First Year: Transforming Pakistan's Investment Landscape SIFC’s First Birthday SIFC Building an Investor SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part V) : Driving Growth in Industry, Tourism, and Privatization SIFC and Pakistan’s Economic Landscape: A Year in Review Chinas Transition from Industry 3.0 to 4.0 Social Media in Pakistan: Balancing Risks and Governance for National Security Indian Ambitious “Make in India” Approach for Defense Production: An Appraisal India s Bold Shift: Extraterritorial Killings and Regional Instability as the New Normal Charting a Path Towards Water Sustainability: Pakistan Comparative Analysis of IQ, EQ, SQ and AQ Harboring Opportunities: The Socioeconomic Benefits of Gwadar Port Development for Pakistan and the Region From Gridlock to Green Lanes: OLMRTS Drive Progress Evolution of Multan: A Journey Through the Past, Present, and Future Empowering Tomorrow Embracing Tradition: Welcoming the 17th Entry to Military College Sui Balochistan Champions of the Desert: Balochistan Sheikha Fatima Bint Mubarak Girls Cadet College Turbat Hosts First Passing-out Parade Secretary General of Defense and National Armaments, Italy, Calls on CJCSC U.S. CENTCOM Commander Calls on COAS Chief of Defense Forces Australia Calls on COAS Turkish Foreign Minister Visits COAS COAS and CGS UK Army’s Address at 6th Pakistan-UK Regional Stabilization Conference GHQ Investiture Ceremony Held at General Headquarters COAS Extends Condolence to Iran Following Helicopter Crash That Claimed Top Officials CNS visits PLA (Navy) Headquarters China CNS Attends 19th Western Pacific Naval Symposium CNS Attends the Launching Ceremony of 1st HANGOR Class Submarine CAS Calls on General Secretary of MOD and Commander of Iraqi Air Force Commander Southern Command and 2 Corps Visits Khairpur Tamewali Pakistan-U.S. Navy Bilateral Exercise Inspired Union 2024 Pakistan Navy's Humanitarian Mission in Balochistan's Flood-ravaged Villages The Heat is On: How Pakistan is Battling the Dire Consequences of Climate Change Solid Waste Management in Pakistan: Promotion of Sustainable Circular Economy Revolutionizing Flood Risk Management in Pakistan: Harnessing the Power of River Indus Assumptions Vs. Realities: Demystifying Pakistan‘s Defense Budget Unresolved Turmoil, The Gaza Conflict and Israel‘s Strategic Quagmire Post Shangri-La Dialogue: Prospects for Regional Security and Stability Optimizing the Benefits of CPEC 2.0 Sagadat Nurmagambetov: An Example of Persistence, Courage, and Selfless Devotion to the Motherland From Digital Resistance to Pro-Palestinian Encampment SIFC: Catalyst for Foreign Investment Driving Pakistan‘s Economic Transformation Charting a Green Future: How SIFC is Leading Pakistan‘s Green Revolution Digital Terrorism: Implications for Pakistan‘s National Security and Policy Tich‘ Cowan – The Fighting Admiral Leepa Valley: Where Nature Meets Patriotism RUMANZA: Transforming Pakistan‘s Golfing Landscape with World-Class Excellence Inside Okara Garrison: Students Witness Pakistan Army‘s Training and Tradition Prime Minister Pays Tribute at Sepoy Haroon William‘s Funeral Service CJCSC Visits Turkiye Chief of Defense Forces Australia Calls on CJCSC COAS Visits the LOC in the Haji Pir Sector Chief of Royal Malaysian Navy Calls on CNS Royal Saudi Naval Forces Delegation Visits Pakistan CAS Visits Command and Staff College Quetta Commander Multan Corps Reviews Troops’ Watermanship Training in Okara Rescue at Sea: Pakistan Navy Saves 8 Iranian Fishermen Amid Vessel Fire
Advertisements

Abdul Ghafoor Babar

The writer is a Ph.D. Scholar in Strategic Studies at Air University, Islamabad.

Advertisements

Hilal English

Emergence of BJP as a Hindutva Force

January 2024

The Hindutva movement has been strengthening since the BJP's consecutive electoral victories. The RSS, previously outlawed multiple times for engaging in terrorism and communal violence, shapes the BJP's ideological direction. The BJP's ascendancy in Indian politics, with ambitions of an undivided India (Akhand Bharat), a nuclear-armed status, robust space program, booming economy, and a sizable modern armed forces, raises concerns about regional implications.



The Hindutva idea, established by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in the 1920s, managed to become deeply ingrained in important facets of Indian society over more than a century. The Hindutva ideology gradually manifested through the raw power of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and eventually gained political representation in the form of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). This practical outcome has resulted in a government driven by extremist ideology. While not all Hindus were treated as equals in practice, and other minorities, particularly Muslims, were increasingly demoted to the lowest ranks, Hindu Rashtra or majoritarianism was encouraged unopposed and promoted by other elements of national power at their disposal.
The alliance of prevalent global anti-Muslim sentiments with various interests held by major global players continues to embolden followers of the Hindutva ideology to pursue their goals of irreversible polarization within Indian society, institutions, and the armed forces. This alliance also poses serious threats to the sovereignty of neighboring nations, especially Pakistan, owing to historical reasons. 
The BJP's rise to political dominance can be attributed to its strong advocacy of Hindutva in speech and action. In the 1990 Lok Sabha elections, the party could only win two of the 540 available seats. In the 1999 elections, the party rose to become the single largest party, winning 183 seats, and the result was replicated with a resounding victory in the 2019 elections. Many agree that the destruction of the Babri Mosque, the carnage in Gujarat, and, most importantly, the BJP's extremist Hindutva agenda all played an essential part in the rise of Hindu nationalism.
Contrary to a widespread misconception, the BJP's engagement with the Ayodhya Mosque/Temple Movement for political advantage is often overstated. During this period, L. K. Advani served as the party's president. In reality, the commitment to embrace the Hindu agenda had already been established earlier, leading to the creation of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), a right-wing Hindu nationalist organization, by the RSS. The formation of the VHP aimed to secure access to influential Hindu religious circles.
However, the transformative moment for the Hindutva movement unfolded during the 2014 Indian elections. To extend its reach to lower and underprivileged sections, the RSS mobilized its volunteers, and the BJP forged a comprehensive social coalition. In translating these connections into electoral success, Narendra Modi leveraged not only his political acumen but also his charismatic appeal and identity as a member of a backward caste. This period marked a significant evolution in the strategy and impact of the Hindutva movement within Indian politics.
Many people view the BJP's five years in office as a significant achievement for the Sangh Parivar and the Hindutva movement. However, it has been the worst period for Indian democracy, secularism, and economic policy, particularly with the demonetization effort. The lynching of Muslims and Dalits by cow vigilante groups, with covert government support, became a disturbing new normal, along with the open abuse and marginalization of minorities.
Pure Hindutva themes were used to mould the public's opinion, including anti-Pakistan, anti-Muslim rhetoric, and pledges to repeal Article 370, which would allow for the annexation of Kashmir and the building of Ram Mandir, among other things. Huge sums of money were raised, and an RSS-led social media effort used technology and social media in ways never before seen. The Balakot attack was the pinnacle of the initiatives that have restored Modi and the BJP to power. The BJP's election manifesto, published on April 8, 2019, prominently emphasized extremist overtures. As the single largest party that could easily survive without partnership in the 17th Lok Sabha Elections, the BJP won 303 seats and saw its vote share rise to 37 percent.
Michael Kugelman opined at the two-day international conference held at National Defense University in July 2021 that Modi's government has ratcheted up its Hindutva agenda at the diplomatic level, which has hurt its relations with the key neighbors. There are some notable geopolitical consequences of the rise of Hindu nationalism in India. The institutionalization of Hindutva in India is not only Pakistan's concern; the international community has also started to see through the dirty politics of oppression unleashed on the minorities.
Article 370, which granted special rights to the Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK), was revoked by the government of Narendra Modi through a presidential order without any consultations with the Kashmiri people. The legality of this action faced challenges through 23 petitions in India's highest court, and after nearly four years, it was finally heard by a panel of Supreme Court judges. The Supreme Court passed judgment in favor of the Modi government, with remarks from the bench stating that "Jammu and Kashmir did not retain any sovereignty after accession to India." This act underscores the extent of institutional erosion suffered by state organs.
The Hindutva movement has been consolidating since the BJP's third straight electoral victory in 2019. The RSS, which was outlawed three times (1948, 1975, and 1992) for engaging in terrorism and acts of communal violence, sets the ideological direction of the BJP. The emergence of an extremist BJP, with its dream of Akhand Bharat (undivided India), a nuclear-armed country, and 1.3 million armed forces, does not bode well for the region.


The writer is a Ph.D. Scholar in Strategic Studies at Air University, Islamabad.

 

Abdul Ghafoor Babar

The writer is a Ph.D. Scholar in Strategic Studies at Air University, Islamabad.

Advertisements