National and International Issues

Kashmir and Pakistan are Inseparable

The menace of nuclear war is hanging over our heads like a sharp sword. Indian establishment has mastered the art of deception. India is adept in stabbing in the back like a cowardly hypocrite foe. The RSS and BJP consider Muslims their first enemies; on the contrary the Muslim rule in India was very moderate and humane as the Hindus were safe and the Muslims never interfered in their religious rituals and social practices. 



Islam is an inclusive religion and the Muslims believe and practice the Holy Quran. It says: “There shall be no compulsion in religion. True guidance is now distinct from error” (2: 256). Then in the 6th verse of Surah Al Kaferoon (The Unbelievers), the Quran says: “You have your own religion, and I have mine.” These Quranic injunctions candidly prove that Islam respects all humans without the discrimination of color, creed and class. 


In the prevailing circumstances, there is serious threat to the peace and security of South Asia, which will have direct impact on the peace and security of the world, particularly in view of the fact that both India and Pakistan are nuclear armed countries. Therefore, in these circumstances, UN Security Council should invoke Chapter VII of the UN Charter: Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace and Acts of Aggression.


On the other hand, the Indian ruling party BJP believes in the extremist Hindutva ideology. The Indian premier Narendra Modi and his cronies have pronounced that “Hindustan is only for Hindus”. This prejudicial slogan is sufficient to create crisis and chaos in a country which is multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-religious. 
Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah tried best to live amicably and peacefully with the Indian Hindus. Ms. Sarojini Naidu, a Hindu intellectual leader called him “The Ambassador of Peace”. But eventually Quaid-i-Azam was disappointed as he realized that Muslims cannot live amicably and peacefully with Hindus. However, the same Ambassador of Peace, in his speech delivered on March 22, 1940, had to say: “Why should not Mr. Gandhi be proud to say, ‘I am a Hindu. Congress has solid Hindu backing? I am not ashamed of saying that I am a Mussalman. I am right and I hope and I think even a blind man must have been convinced by now that the Muslim League has the solid backing of the Mussalmans of India. Why all this camouflage then? Why all these machinations? Why all these methods to coerce the British to overthrow the Mussalmans?” These golden words of our Founding Father depict the reality that even in Pre-partition of the Subcontinent the Indian leadership had prejudiced mindset against the Indian Muslims. If today the BJP has announced to purge and purify India by shedding the blood of Muslims, it is their agenda from 1925 when RSS was founded on the pattern of Hitler. Even before he was the PM, Narendra Modi as the Chief Minister of Gujarat allowed the massacre of Muslims in State of Gujarat.
Dr. Allama Iqbal in a letter addressed to Quaid-i-Azam on June 21, 1937 writes: “The Congress President has denied the political existence of Muslims in no unmistakable terms.  The other Hindu political body, i.e. “Mahasabha”, whom I regarded as the real representative of the masses of the Hindus has declared more than once that a united Hindu-Muslim nation is impossible in India. In these circumstances, it is obvious that the only way to a peaceful India is a redistribution of the country on the lines of racial, religious and linguistic affinities”. 
Mr. Jaswant Singh also wrote in his book that it was the biased attitude of the Hindus that pushed the Indian Muslims to the wall and became the cause of the creation of Pakistan. Before Dr. Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam, it was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan who on the Urdu-Hindi conflict announced that Muslims and Hindus are two distinct cultural and religious communities. He was the pioneer of the Two-nation Theory. The fate and future of 560 Indian princely states was also decided on the basis of this theory. It was decided in a meeting of Indian princely states chaired by the last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten that the States with the Hindu Majority population would accede to India and the States having Muslim majority would accede to Pakistan. The decision of accession of any state would be as per the wishes of the people of the state. The State of Jammu and Kashmir being an eighty percent Muslim majority state automatically should have acceded to Pakistan. On August 12, 1947 the ruler of Kashmir Maharaja Hari Singh signed a Standstill Agreement with Quaid-i-Azam but it is highly unfortunate that under duress the Maharaja made a temporary accession agreement with India. It was not a merger but temporary accession. Later on, with the mutual consent of Pandit Nehru and Sheikh Abdullah Article 370 was added to the Indian Constitution, which granted a “Special Status” to the State of Jammu and Kashmir. 


Kashmir and Pakistan are inseparable. Kashmir is the lifeline of Pakistan, therefore, to highlight the Kashmir issue, it is proposed that Kashmir Desks should be established in Pakistani Embassies abroad to mobilize world opinion against Indian aggression. 


The Kashmir dispute has led to three major wars between India and Pakistan. The UN resolutions of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949 granted the right to self-determination to the Kashmiris. Josef Korbel was appointed the first UN administrator to hold plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir but India did not cooperate. In his book titled Danger in Kashmir he wrote about the adamancy and obduracy of Indian leadership. The danger mentioned by Josef Korbel a few decades ago has become a serious threat to South Asia today. Both India and Pakistan are nuclear powers, and with India’s present leadership being highly irresponsible, extremist, short-sighted and fanatic the threat of a war has become rather real. Any horrendous incident can occur. Under these circumstances, all peace loving nations must take serious notice of the human rights violation in Indian-occupied Kashmir.
What is the solution of Kashmir issue? The solution lies in UN resolutions on Kashmir. It is a pertinent point to be mentioned that at present the Kashmir case is on UN agenda under Chapter VI of the UN Charter. It recommends both countries involved in the dispute to resolve the issue bilaterally and amicably. If needed, arbitration of any third country for reconciliation can be sought by mutual consent. However, in the prevailing circumstances, there is serious threat to the peace and security of South Asia, which will have direct impact on the peace and security of the world, particularly in view of the fact that both India and Pakistan are nuclear armed countries. Therefore, in these circumstances, UN Security Council should invoke Chapter VII of the UN Charter: Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace and Acts of Aggression. The relevant Articles 39, 41 and 42 from Chapter VII of UN Charter are reproduced hereunder:  
Article 39. The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with article 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security. 
Article 41. The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations, and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio and other means of communication and the severance of diplomatic relations. 


On August 5, 2019 by revoking Articles 370 and 35A of the Indian Constitution, India has violated UN resolutions and has proved to be an aggressor. As there is threat of war between India and Pakistan, which may accelerate to a nuclear strike, therefore, chapter VII of the UN Charter must be applied against India. Professor Zaman Mirza, in his book titled Who is Aggressor, throws ample light, with facts and figures, on India’s naked aggression in Kashmir.


Article 42. Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate it may take such action by air, sea or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of members of the United Nations. 
On August 5, 2019 by revoking Articles 370 and 35A of the Indian Constitution, India has violated UN resolutions and has proved to be an aggressor. As there is threat of war between India and Pakistan, which may accelerate to a nuclear strike, therefore, chapter VII of the UN Charter must be applied against India. Professor Zaman Mirza, in his book titled Who is Aggressor, throws ample light, with facts and figures, on India’s naked aggression in Kashmir.
Kashmir and Pakistan are inseparable. Kashmir is the lifeline of Pakistan, therefore, to highlight the Kashmir issue, it is proposed that Kashmir Desks should be established in Pakistani Embassies abroad to mobilize world opinion against Indian aggression. Organization of Islamic Cooperation should take measures to halt the atrocities being perpetrated against defenseless Kashmiris. Furthermore, Prime Minister of Pakistan may constitute an Advisory Council comprising experts on Kashmir dispute.


The writer is a renowned educationist, author and columnist based in Islamabad.

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