National and International Issues

India’s Aggression Over Kashmir and the World’s Response

The picturesque Jammu & Kashmir region has long suffered at the altar of international apathy. Residents of “heaven on earth” have not only been repressed perpetually over the last 72 years; their sons martyred, women abused, their vision blinded by pellet guns, but the world has     also been overlooking their plight. Revocation t
of Articles 370 and 35A, blatant violation of United Nations Security Council resolutions, bilateral agreements and promises made by the forefathers of India, has brought this simmering dispute to global limelight. The ensuing clampdown is unprecedented; Kashmir Valley has been convert

ed into a grand jail, all links and communications severed. This display of brutal aggression by India could not escape the world’s attention. Looking the other way for so-called respective national interests has given way 
to apprehensions of nuclearized South Asia being thrown to the precipice of hostilities. International media, customarily negatively inclined towards Pakistan, has taken up the latest developments in Kashmir in a big way. This aggressive step taken by India has ripped away the garb of secularism that it proudly claims to don and exposed the underpinnings of fascist RSS ideology seeking a “Hindu India”. The Two Nations Theory stands vindicated and the world has been awakened to these hitherto masked realities of “the largest democracy”.
Here are some glimpses of how global media and international community has viewed Indian move to abrogate Articles 370 and 35A, and incessant lockdown of more than 8 million Muslims in the Valley for over a month now.

• India may have bitten off more than they can chew.
• The Hindu nationalist government aspires to form Indian national identity defined by its movement's ideology.

• "We told them we are innocent. We asked why they were doing this? But they did not listen to us. I told them don't beat us, just shoot us. I was asking God to take me, because the torture was unbearable”, one of them (victim of Indian brutality) said. 
• "If they do it to me again, I am willing to do anything, I will pick up the gun. I can't bear this every day," he said.

• Empirical data proves Kashmir is way above most Indian states in all development indicators. 
• Kashmir is smouldering. Conditions have never been samanya as claimed by all news media. 

• Democracy has finally been dealt a fatal blow in the state. 
• “India” seemed more anxious to defeat the Kashmiris than to integrate them.

• Annulment threatens the very fabric of the (Indian) constitution.
• The BJP government has needlessly stirred a hornet’s nest.
• By scrapping Article 370, the BJP has undermined the constitutional basis for Jammu and Kashmir’s accession to India. That it has done so in the name of national unification is a cruel irony.

• The glue binding Jammu & Kashmir to the Indian constitution has been summarily dissolved, without any pretence of democratic consultation or consent of the people. 
• All that remains is naked, open subjugation of their (Kashmiris) will.

• Virtually overnight, Narendra Modi has turned the autonomous region of Indian Kashmir into a colony of India. 
• A free and fair vote would appear to offer at least the beginnings of a solution to this long-running dispute. It will not happen though, at least not under the BJP.

• If India goes on the path of Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq, America’s hands will be tied for two more decades.
• Hindutva saffron brigade has been encouraged to set about making the lives of India’s minorities perilous.

• India will move even closer to becoming a Hindu rashtra. And the cracks in the world’s largest democracy will grow even deeper.
• For many, Modi’s rise was seen as the beginning of the end of peace in India. After this week’s Kashmir decision, it may be harder to undo the damage.

• India holds that religion cannot be an organizing principle, its actions in its northernmost province belie that.
• New Delhi’s move will inevitably face legal, constitutional and political challenges; not just from Kashmiri groups but also from civil society groups in India.

• They have lost their autonomy at the stroke of a pen. Who could blame   Muslims if they now feel discriminated against?

• The world seems prepared to ignore and accept the behavior of the Israeli and Indian governments to maintain the status quo which enables them to keep controlling the territories.

• India's president signed the death warrant of not only the future of Indian-administered Kashmir, but also India's democracy.

• The severity of the outrage and uncertain political situation are likely to inflame tension, fear and mistrust.

• India did not consult any Kashmiri leader, which several Indian legal experts said  could be unconstitutional.
• Many Kashmiris see India as an oppressive and foreign ruler.
• Kashmiris said that of all the crackdowns they have lived through, this was the worst.

• The loudest sound is the deathly silence from Kashmir’s streets and its caged, humiliated people, stitched down by razor wire, spied on by drones, living under a complete communications blackout.

• (Modi) seems set on replacing India’s founding secular, federalist tradition with a centralised, majoritarian, authoritarian state. 
• Modi’s constitutional coup undermines the federal compact and pluralist democracy.

• This was a very Indian coup, but one with a global context.
• Modi has opted for “raw power” over legitimacy.
• By subverting the constitution, Simla obligation that UN charter govern relations with Pakistan, and removing Kashmiris’ right to self-governance, Modi has placed himself squarely in the wrong.

The Secretary-General has been following the situation in Jammu and Kashmir with concern and makes an appeal for maximum restraint.
The position of the United Nations on this region is governed by the Charter of the United Nations and applicable Security Council resolutions.
The Secretary-General also recalls the 1972 Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, also known as the Simla Agreement, which states that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir is to be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.
The Secretary-General is also concerned over reports of restrictions on the Indian-side of Kashmir, which could exacerbate the human rights situation in the region.
The Secretary-General calls on all parties to refrain from taking steps that could affect the status of Jammu and Kashmir.

“The General Secretariat (GS) of OIC has been following with concern developments in Jammu and Kashmir as a result of the unilateral decision taken by India. The GS reiterates the solidarity with the people of Jammu and Kashmir. It calls for the immediate lifting of the curfew, restoration of communication and the respect for the fundamental rights of Kashmiris.”


“We reiterate our calls to the Indian government to act in accordance with international human rights law and standards towards people living in Jammu and Kashmir. The actions of the Indian government have thrown ordinary people’s lives into turmoil, subjecting them to unnecessary pain and distress on top of the years of human rights violations they have already endured.”


 “We’re concerned about Muslims’ situation in #Kashmir. We have good relations with India, but we expect the Indian government to adopt a just policy towards the noble people of Kashmir and prevent the oppression & bullying of Muslims in this region.”


President Erdogan shared his concerns over the situation and assured Khan of Turkey's steadfast support in this regard.
In its statement, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said, “We are concerned that the annulment of Article 370 of the Constitution of India on 5 August 2019 which accords a special status to Jammu-Kashmir could further increase existing tensions.” 
Anadolu agency reported, “We sincerely hope for the resolution of the problem through dialogue and within the framework of the relevant UN resolutions by observing the legitimate interests of all people of Jammu-Kashmir as well as Pakistan and India.” 

“The Kashmir issue should be resolved properly through peaceful means, in accordance with the UN Charter, the relevant Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements.”


“The situation in Kashmir is deeply disturbing. Human rights abuses taking place are unacceptable. The rights of the Kashmiri people must be respected and UN resolutions implemented.”


“I am deeply concerned about this situation in Kashmir where the Indian government has revoked Kashmiri autonomy, cracked on dissent and instituted a communications blackout. The crackdown in the name of security is also denying the Kashmiri people access to medical care.” He also urged the U.S. government to ‘speak boldly in support on the international humanitarian law and in support of a UN-backed peaceful resolution’ of the conflict that ‘respects the will of the Kashmiri people.’


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